Sunday, July 10, 2016



Some Basics of Diverse Philosophy 2016
A collection of articles from 2009 to 2014 that present the core ideas of the philosophy in quicker and more essential way. Just finished.

Dictionary of the Spirit 2011
Articles on the issue of spirit, ethics, philosophy, psychology produced in an initial approach in 2011. Goes well with books, Spirit of the Axxiad, and Three Subsume Equations. Never published until now.

Manifesto for a Vexed Planet 2009
Collection of articles in 2009.

Most Popular Articles on Diverse Philosophy --- from the blog
Here are over 20 articles that were popular on the blog from 2010 to 2015. They cover a range from psychology to creativity to philosophy to spirit to activism.


Sunday, February 21, 2016

Free Ebooks by Cage Innoye


A Second Glossary of Axxiad Philosophy. 56 pages, PDF ebook. Jan 2016. More detail on key topics.

The Axxiad, 362 Pages, PDF
The original work on diverse philosophy that has in-depth discussions on topics from emotions to identity to individuality, economics, creativity and much more. In broad strokes the book sketches out a general framework on many issues.

Three Subsume Equations -- The summation of a philosophy concerning differentiation, suffering, life, liberation, returning to the beginning, creativity and the evolution of true wholes.   129 pages PDF  

A summary of the philosophy in terms of the subsume concept which links together the various key ideas into an interesting process. Includes 3 Subsume Equations and 18 articles on various topics.

Philosophy for a Diverse Planet,  645 pages, PDF
Key articles gathered together. Over 200 pages of new material. Articles are about diverse thinking. diversity, individuality, creativity and diverse wholes. Topics include economics, history, theology, psychology, education, individuality. time, individuality, identity, multiple perception, methods and much more. Also includes summary articles of key ideas in this philosophy to simplify things. Most informative and complete book on the philosophy.

The Age of Personal Creativity and Social Creativity , 425 pages, PDF
78 articles on personal and social creativity with A List of Creative Techniques in the appendix

Social Genio: Activism, Creativity and Change,  211 pages. PDF
Many articles on Social Creativity.

For a New Economy of Multiple Values, Social Metrics and Creativity , 200 pages, PDF
This version includes new articles discussing creativity and forming a creative economy. Also there are articles on the multiple values and measures, new economic organization and a programme for the recession.

Healthy Or Unhealthy Individuality?, 218 pages, PDF
New book. A collection of articles about individuality, identity, unhealthy individuality and the Tea Party

A Quick Glossary of Axxiad Philosophy, 68 Pages, PDF
Expanded Version available. Many new words and phrases coined early in the development of the philosophy.

A Glossary of Creativity, 210 pages, PDF
Version 4. Over 300 entries on topics related to creativity, very original. Entries include creative technique, emotional issues, mental management, creative and rational minds together, cultural issues etc. Included in the Appendix A List of Creative Techniques

A List of Creative Techniques, 41 pages, PDF
A list of creative methods and mindsets.

Think Out of the Human Box -- Think of Nature, 77 pages, PDF
New version. Articles about Humans and Nature

New Spirit of the Axxiad. 380 pages, PDF format
About issues of the spirit from a unique point of view.


Monday, April 20, 2015

Social Diversity, 4 Levels of Society, Subsumes and Family

In a Subsume we have fusion and confusion, things are not sharp or distinct.

When we examine social diversity from the point of view of a Subsume we may find there is difference and there is commonality at the same time. The differences do not stand out in relief, and the unities are jostled by the diversity. We are not sure what is happening. The situation is more akin to “Family”. More about Family later on.

In current times we are more accustomed to focusing on civil rights and identifying injustices. But this represents a certain stage of perception of social diversity and a certain condition where inequality is allowed to exist.

We could say that today we are in an age of distinction where we see most sharply the issues.

We think in terms of equality and freedom. We support programs that erase years of injustice.

We think in moral terms of live and let live, the golden rule, love of the different.

And we have a heightened categorization of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, disability, subculture, religion and so on.

We say diversity for all -- with the proscription that no one oppresses anyone under the guise of social diversity, for example an ideology that oppresses women.

We then face another problem –- the opposite of differentiation.

How do we find a common identity among all of these disparate groups?
How do create a common structure to house all of these peoples?

Differentiation leads us eventually to undifferentiation and wholes.

This then leads us to another set of issues. We must find a way to unite the disparate groups into a whole.

We unite in the overall, in general values and beliefs such as democracy, freedom of speech, economic rights etc.

We find particular national traits that can be embraced by all within a nation whether it be American or German or Brazilian or South African.

This collision of the reality of social diversity and the necessity of social unity results in a sort of federalism, not just on the level of provinces or states but a federalism between social groups. This may necessitate another level of government or the creation of some new institutions. We may find we are seeking a new type of constitution for ethnic groups, genders and so on.

And this kind of federalism of organization and freedoms produces a kind of whole that is quite flexible.

At times we may want to pursue the commonalities and agreements further. We usually go higher: we enter the realm of the ‘Human”, of morality, of the spiritual, of planetary citizen, of steward of Nature, of intelligent species in a vast cosmos etc. These are transcendent issues that bind us together, issues that lie beyond nation.

On the other hand, if we pursue the differentiators further we get to a more particular level. When we go below the level of social groups we find something else. As diversity becomes more microscopic or specific for each person we find individuality, uniqueness, identity, creativity, initiative, independence, self knowledge level, skill sets and much more.

We get to the very essence of human differentiation.

So when we identify social differentiators we eventually come upon the linkers of a nation; then we take the general similarities between us all to a higher level and we find the transcendent themes of Human existence; and if we then descend to the minute details, we then discover the most rare and original features of Human beings.

These Four levels of differentiation and undifferentiation can get quite complicated. If you are watching what is happening in Europe today and in the USA, you can see all of these factors in action. And you can see, unfortunately, bigotry and hate, and false forms of social diversity and false forms for a nation. And you can see also false forms of individuality and false forms of even a planetary citizen etc.

How do we get through all of this? We must observe the rules of differentiation and wholes, and be very CREATIVE as to how we are going to arrange new social behavior and institutions.

Further, we must note that there are historical processes that have led to this multicultural world we live in. And the issues of Time and Evolution must be studied for they present us with new conditions and new problems.

Things can get quite complicated. But this is the way of our Universe -- which should actually be renamed a DIVERSE.

Now this article began with the notion of a Subsume, the above discussion is not about a Subsume because the exploration was of differentiation and unity. However, if we were to let all of that go, and not focus on differentiators and organization or freedom and wholes, what would happen? Anything bad? Not necessarily.

We could return to a Subsume or pass into a Subsume frame of mind.
What does that mean? It means we have another alternative in our mental toolbox. We have the wrenches, screwdrivers and hammers of our various points of view (POV).

In the Subsume POV all would fuse into one. Our sharpness and the consequent drive to fit all the many elements together into a complex machine of some sort would wane.

Why would we let go of the perspective of distinction and analysis? Wouldn’t we just get stupid and incompetent? No, not really. In some cases it helps, it is the perfect antidote to certain problems.

There are various reasons for a Subsume state:

Mental health is one reason. When we are deluged with too much complexity we may need to escape to a simpler view.

When we live in a very negative culture of alienation and social war we are affected too. We need to escape its negative consequences that lead us to be sectarian, impatient, destructive, unforgiving and more. Here we are fighting just these sorts of behaviors and we are now imitating them ourselves.

When a certain problem is largely solved in regards to differentiation we no longer need to think so sharply and vigilantly, and we can fall into a more relaxed state.

When we are in movement of some form where these issues of diversity have been worked out among the members, then there is no reason to approach the relation between individuals in such a “political” manner. In the movement or embryonic nation there is one behavior, outside in the unfair and hurtful world is another behavior. Making this distinction is highly important because a “political” relationship between cadre of a movement will destroy the formation of bonds and engender alienation and distrust.

All of these examples point to another category: FAMILY.

In the end it is all about Family. In a family we are all different but related. We are individuals but we form a whole. We accept differences. We have arguments but we stick together? Why? Because we are Family.

Family as it used here is a Subsume concept. It is softer in its approach; it
relies more on feelings of love, caring, empathy and sympathy, brotherhood, cooperation, intimacy, trust, directness, oneness, communication…

Family is the ideal we are shooting for. When we reach the stage of family then we are on our way to solving the problems of the age of discrimination and are well on our way to a new stage of Human relations.

Family is a very useful concept for movements, nations and planets.

Democracy as a Subsume

The idea of democracy can be seen as a Subsume.

We have the fusion, the interconnection, the merger of all interests.

We want a government by the people, for the people, of the people.

We make the 'people' a special concept.

We want liberty, fraternity and equality.

We want rights and freedoms for the people.

One for all, and all for one.

The social whole, the whole of the nation.

Even the Human race.

When faced with corruption and political elites we yearn for 'democracy', a government that truly represents the citizens.

We often seek a Subsume state of mind that stresses the people, the masses, the citizens, democracy and consensus. In this fused and confused state all are merged. Democracy is a simple notion that makes us a single blended unit.

And we return to this frame of mind again and again as we face outrageous event after event.

We make placards, banners, march and protest. We design rituals that bring out this Subsume thinking.

Leaders, poets and musicians attempt to move us into this state of fusion.

This is the Subsume stage of the concept of democracy -- that of fusion, confusion, one, whole, family, tribe.

From the Subsume  perception we may then we proceed to another phase of understanding democracy.

In this stage our POV {point of view) passes from indistinct thinking to distinct thinking. We analyze the particular problems, we create specific solutions, we pass to programme:

We strengthen civil liberties and civil rights.

We create the mechanisms of quick recall of politicians and even presidents.

We make Referendums, for all of the most important and fundamental issues to us.

We create vast Citizen participation for each stage of the development and correction of legislation.

Individual citizens are urged to participate. A myriad of citizen groups is formed.

Transparency in all aspects of government and political life is demanded.

The legislator passes from the old notion of 'representative' to a 'functional' position that enables the participation of the people.

Experts are brought in to advise and help design legislation and different points of view.

Money and elites are kept out of government and the electoral process.

Legal and illegal bribery cease to exist.

Media must now serve democracy.

Limitations to presidential power are set particularly in regard to issues of war, national security and surveillance , environmental crisis, and domestic crisis.

And many other new practices are created.

All of these details may follow from a strong notion of the Subsume of Democracy. A Subsume has the emotional and psychological and spiritual power to bring us together and drive a movement.

From there we analyze, debate and unify.

From a subsume we pass to the details, principles, institutions, and elements of programme.

Saturday, February 21, 2015

Subsume Tractatus

Here is an outline of subsume ideas in another format

Features of subsume state:

  • Initial state that precedes differentiation
  • Fusion
  • Confusion
  • Unconsciousness
  • Indistinct whole
  • Process of elaboration out of subsume state
  • Return to subsume state in some cases
  • All subsumes are relics and projections of the first subsume and at the same time are original phenomenon in themselves
  • Degrees of distinction and indistinction
  • Mixed modes of distinction and indistinction in the world and in the mind

Physical, biological:

  • Original singularity of the cosmos
  • Complex systems
  • Subsume state that creates Biological entities
  • Subsume states within biological entities and ecologies


  • Subsume of child's mind yet to elaborate into clear sub-minds
  • Subsume of basic personality traits and environmental influences
  • Subsume of self identity
  • Subsume of soul
  • etc


  • Tribal society
  • Subsume of history
  • Subsume of early capitalism, pre-industrial
  • Subsumes of economics, media, technology, global phenomenon happening about us
  • Social activities such as rituals, joint projects
  • Gender subsume
  • Unconscious historical processes
  • The human race as a subsume
  • Subsume nature of revolutions
  • etc


  • Subsume of subconscious
  • Subsume of words and ideas
  • Subsumes of creativity, genio
  • Subsumes of unity, love, cooperation
  • Subsume of action mind
  • Subsume of crisis response
  • Subsumes of strategy
  • Grasping the plastic nature of the world
  • Subsumes that mix art and life
  • Subsumes that don't separate the spiritual from life
  • Meditation
  • Work as a subsume
  • Subsume of complex neurology
  • etc

Distinct and indistinct thinking combined:

  • Note that wholes can be a combination of distinct and indistinct elements [physical, biological, human-made] 
  • Social strategy when emplying to subsume to gain a positive, unifying perspective. Thus having both sharp thinking and emply thinking together 
  • When the individual acts spontaneously to help others even though it is aware of its own individuality
  • When the individual pursues various ex-nature, cultural interests yet at the same time will see no distinction between itself and nature, and thus acts for nature 
  • When the individual has its own sphere of living but at the same time is connected with social processes and history via directness 
  • When one sees her or his soul as being influenced by others, living an individual life, and influencing others. 
  • Self identity process is a mixture of distinction/differentiation combined with returns to an identity subsume to discover new traits. 
  • Human beings are thus like the cosmos in their mixed nature 

Future subsumes:

  • Subsumes are past, present and future 
  • Major future subsumes signal a cultural and psychological leap for humans. These are about our souls, other people and society, the force of history, our connection with Nature, subsumes that create new phenomenon in culture


An Axxiad is a philosophy that has many aspects that elaborate from an intuitive subsume and evolve in separate directions, and then reconnecting into a whole at times

Philosophy of differentiation is too complex to state any singular rule or essence or point of view. The subsume is singular but it offers no details or laws, it is an unknown. What we know cannot be reduced to a one, but what we don't know CAN be reduced to one

A philosophy of differentiation arises to explain the manifold world and it offers some guidelines. At the same time, it cannot derive the science of economics, sociology, government, psychology and so on. These must arise from experience of their respective fields or disciplines. Philosophy then can aid in the systemization of the science. Science and philosophy represent two forms of differentiation in our world stemming from a common subsume source. Science reflects the diversity of phenomena, the details and specifics. Philosophy tries to express the diversity in general laws which apply to all things.

Conventional philosophy is iso-think, it looks for singular explanations. Subsume and differentiation perspectives argue against simple views. New philosophers think in terms of complexity and a variety of POVs. Knowledge becomes a united and diverse front. Key concepts become more like tools in a toolbox and not sacred tablets. Philosophy becomes a shared project and process. Conventional philosophy suffers from psychotic breaks, blind narcissism and severe dogmatism. The creativity of an individual philosopher accounts for an advance in thought, turning the person into a deity or icon amounts to a retrogression in thought.

Socrates argued for knowing that you did not know. Philosophy begins with this. But philosophy quickly creates the absolute. Philosophy of differentiation says there is no absolute, individuals are limited, there are many points of view and philosophy keeps evolving. New philosophers return to Socrates and admit they don't know everything…..because the world is too diverse and complex. A Socratic process is created within philosophy.

A qualified version of 'god' can be the original subsume of all things. All comes from this initial entity, all things are present within it. We thus can make a kind of cosmic deduction, we deduce products and byproducts of the original state in a long line of succession to create the genealogy of the Diverse.

This state contains everything including life, thought, morality, mathematics, language, logic, art, creativity, philosophy, theology, science etc. We deduce backward and upward to the original singularity but we cannot explain how, why and where these things are in the original subsume. We only know the potential must be present at the very beginning for these nonmaterial things.

If the material cannot create the nonmaterial then we are faced with a perplexing thought: there must be a second creation that interferes with history, science and logic. We have no proof of this. We are underestimating the power of physical, we do not grasp the matter is not 'mere matter', it is something more profound, more complex, more plastic, more powerful.

Human beings evolve out of the original state as do all other things. We are a great example of transcendent matter.

In a way, Pythagoras and Plato are correct in that the first singularity contains ideas. Further the Pythagoreans had some notions related to a Subsume.

In the ancient East, ancient Mideast and ancient West are some similarities in thought about subsumes and differentiation.

Subsume thinking lends itself to the 'spiritual' as it deals with a soul, the origin of all things, returns to the subsume for moral and psychological reasons etc.

Subsume philosophy has a natural connection to Genio [creativity]. Various mental states that drive innovation are types of subsumes either centered in the right hemisphere, the prefrontal region, the subconscious, or resulting from general communication or confusion between many neurological regions.

Subsume mechanics:

  • Elaboration out of subsume
  • Degrees of subsume
  • Return to a subsume, emply
  • Mixing subsume thinking with distinct thinking……'dis-indis' thinking
  • Subsume wholes vs distinct wholes and the merger of them, transcendent wholes
  • Treat each subsume as original, though they are all relics of the initial
  • Time is a subsume in the sense that the moment 'now' is a confusion of past and future followed by a succeeding moment of clarity
  • New subsumes appear constantly

Post subsume mechanics:

  • This has to do with the next phase of differentiation then undifferentiation and then formation of a whole.
  • Genio plays a large part in these processes
  • Evolution and time lead to more problems, work, opportunity and gains

Positives and negatives of a subsume:

  • Subsume begins something, but differentiation fleshes that something out into a complex system
  • Subsume whole creates unusual sense of connection, cooperation and compassion; but is weak on individuality and diversity as it sees all fused into one
  • Subsume creativity is powerful but it can stick you in a special type of confused state when you should move on to other forms of creativity and/or the mindset of analysis, systemization, technique
  • And so on


Time can be a highly abstract topic getting us into some confusing philosophic discussions. And because time is a sort of general condition for all things and processes it has many different meanings and implications.

Let's try to sort out some issues of time:

Past and future do not actually exist. Past is perceived through our memory and it is shown to us in physical things as a vestige or a sort of fossil. The future has not happened yet, it is potential, a scenario, a kind of material fantasy of a situation. We do not live in the past or in the future, we live in the moment, we live our lives through a series of moments. We are always within a moment. The mind can wander into the past or into the future, but reality is the present. This point of view about time can be called 'Presential', it emphasizes the moment, an eternal moment or a line of moments, even a continuous moment.

In the present, both past and future argue for the nature of the next instant. In some processes this resultant direction is determined by conditions and by chance. In Human processes, either personal or social, we have some say in who wins, or more precisely in what specific combination of past and future we think is best for a certain stage of development. With a plan and strategy we can select the future as best we can, understanding that we can do only so much to speed up processes or that we cannot fully retard processes either.

Differentiation favors the new, the future, change, revolution. But undifferentiation says we must combine past and future in the present, that we must stage change, manage developments of the differentiation otherwise the new will cause suffering and breakdown.

A series of moments can be highly chaotic without logical or thematic connection to each other. This throws us off balance and tends to put us in a disconnected state of mind that floats along without focus or framework. This certainly happens often in life and is aided by the nature of today's media. A remedy to the problem is to fix onto the continuities of life: ideals, family, personal goals, community, principles, love, the spiritual and so on. The continuities must be ever present, the moments however come and go with their particular infatuations and concerns.

In this case, Continuity is undifferentiation, the moments are a clearly differentiation of a strong nature.

Spatial diversity refers to differences that are not across time, but are in the same time, they are contemporaneous. So we have two fundamental philosophic forms of diversity: temporal and spatial. Evolution stresses temporal diversity by definition. Tending to spatial diversity leads to caring for what presently exists and accepting things as they are. Focusing on temporal diversity or evolution means to not accept things as they are. From these two kinds of diverse thinking come two kinds of ethics. Those concerned with evolution are struggling to replace some obsolete system or behavior and thus to castigate some social group, rightly or not rightly. Those who are concerned with spatial diversity are concerned with caring for and uniting an entire ‘family’, culture, nation, rightly or wrongly. The two views have differences about the issue of exclusion. But the ethics of spatial and temporal diversity can be harmonized. The widest number of people can be united toward some great evolutionary leap. And those who oppose this leap or who will be made ‘obsolete’ by this leap can be patiently helped and brought into the new world. Each generation tries to make this kind of leap. The ‘good’ evolves, we have an ‘evolutionary good’ that manifests itself in historical stages. We leap as far as we can leap in an epoch, the next generation prepares for the next leap in an endless sequence.

Because of the fundamental power of differentiation and evolution, we grasp that time only goes forward. Each moment is unique, new, creative. We do not go backwards. Because of this time is said to be irreversible. Even in large cycles we will see a direction or arrow of evolution which turns the cycle into a spiral that transcends to some new phase. There is really no reversible return.

There is however a case where time is not irreversible, that time is reversible, and this has to do with Human phenomena. When we build something and we make a mistake or have neglected a step, then we do make a sort of return. Correcting the problem involves going back to a certain stage and starting again. This applies to problems in social institutions, economies, businesses and governments; and applies in personal development, for example issues in psychotherapy where we must return to fix an issue and then adjust all that follows.

So Nature's time is irreversible but Human time is reversible because we have consciousness and a plan.

There is no general time. Each entity living or material evolves along its own timeline, predetermined by its nature and laws. Time for one thing is different for another, and time for one living thing is different for another life form. Thus the speed of the time, the instant for evolutionary leaps, the lifespan of the entity and so on are determined internally not by an external time frame. Further living things will perceive time at different rates.

We often think of time as something general, that there is some universal clock that all things must abide. But this is cultural training and a natural intuition or ego that we automatically fashion.

The cultural aspect is rooted in the notion of a solar day, a calendar, a clock. This time is indeed external to us but it is a mistake to think that this time frames, controls or drives all other things. This time is intrinsic to the sun and the planets, that is all.

Also we have a natural bias to think of time in personal terms, time based upon heartbeat or breathing or rhythms of activity and sleep. This might be a way to count our time, but we cannot apply this to other entities, material or living. This would be egotistical time.

Simultry is the act of taking advantage of individuals or groups of people that are at a lower stage of evolution. This can include rich nations over poor nations; teachers over students; leaders over followers; adults over children etc. Simultry takes the above notion of intrinsic time and tells what might happen if one timeline is allowed to suppress another timeline. Simultry results from the simultaneous timelines being at different stages with the collision resulting in the manipulation of one timeline by another.

Another problem of intrinsic time is more psychological or neurological. A certain amount of time is required to focus on thought or creativity or decisionmaking or even emotion. To dwell on the perception, to learn about it, to manage it we require a certain duration. Another way to say this is the brain and mind have an internal or inherent time requirement. Otherwise, we are moving too fast and the result is poor performance in many of our sub-minds. Modern media and culture tend to obstruct our intrinsic time requirements.

Various parts of the mind see time quite differently. When we meditate time is suspended. When we are in a state of improvisation time becomes a flow. Memory tends to focus on a point in time and stops the progress of time. Reason and logic stress the order of events, the sequence of time. When we think in terms of wholes, there is a whole of time and events are non-linear and connected, though they are not in succession. The senses examine the intrinsic time of the object under examination. Dreams and the subconscious obliterate time. Imagination leaps to a future time. In a state of action we see time as a stream, just as in improvisation. In a state of thought we do not see time as a stream, time is in discrete units to be analyzed. When we are within an emotion, we feel it and follow its course, time marks off the appearance and disappearance of the emotion, time is a span. And further, emotions give us a sense of the speed of time, sometimes faster, sometimes slower. Creativity often sees time as a duration, the creative process takes so much time and cannot be shortened. And it also sees time like emotions in terms of speed – leaps and doldrums. So here we can see the link of creativity with emotions.

When we are internal in orientation we are caught up in intrinsic time, we follow the laws and necessities of our mind and body. When we are external in orientation, we are more influenced by the time of culture and social institutions. When we are in a state of decision-making and wisdom we are disconnected from time, it does not exist. The part of our brain that attempts to guide our sub-minds is an improviser, it sees time as a flow, however, each sub-mind has its own time perception. This can result in a fairly chaotic process of competing notions of time

Please note that the above discussion is using a variety of definitions of time. These are time as:

·        a point/instant in time
·        the present moment
·       a flow
·       a span/duration
·       a stage
·       an order/sequence
·       speed/tempo
·      rhythm/pattern
·      as a subjective experience
·      as intrinsic time
·     or extrinsic time.

And it is this complexity of meaning that causes us so much confusion in understanding time.

In this philosophical thesis we have major concepts such as Subsume, Differentiation, Undifferentiation, Wholes.

Time in a subsume may seem to be stopped or at least moving very slowly. When a subsume begins to break up, it Elaborates. In this state time moves more quickly.

When elaboration passes into full blown Differentiation, time is clearly perceived. We see change and motion. Time is now a predominant factor.

The phenomenon of Undifferentiation involves those elements that bring stability and organization to products of differentiation. One could look at undifferentiation as a way to limit differentiation and structure something. This would mean a deceleration of time but not cessation because that would not be possible. Time will force any configuration to develop or die or be replaced.

A whole is composed of both differentiation and undifferentiation, and therefore it has within it forces that promote time and forces that brake time.

Closely related to time are issues in Evolution. Our understanding of time gives us a general background about the universe we live in. Evolution is a specific manifestation of time, it is about development and stages. One of the unstoppable results of time is non-stop evolution.

The important issues of evolution include:

·       The self growth of individuals. Psychological, emotional, spiritual, moral, philosophical progress.

·       The continual development of social processes. Economics, government, technology and science, globalism etc.

·       The moral evolution of societies. A moral evolution that defines the new forbiddens, so that we can get to transcendent stages of behavior.

·       The value dialectic which stresses the values of truth, the right, the beautiful, progress, skill, understanding, wisdom, creativity and so on. The value dialectic enables us to climb to higher and higher levels.

·       The evolution of the entire Human race. The striving of Humanity from the lower to the higher, for over time we will want to transcend our old selves and enter a new realm of behaviors that leave our obsolete Ex-Nature traits far behind.

·       The Soul becomes an important issue. Spiritual themes of destiny, purpose, immortality arise. Evolution takes us from birth to death, and to make sense of this thread we manufacture a 'soul'. Because we have consciousness and self consciousness we become aware of ourselves. Self awareness, self identity, self criticism leads to a soul.

·       Non-stop development in the world leads to an appreciation of the profound nature of evolution itself, of the cosmos itself

·      Lastly, a recognition of the mysteries of our world, for even though we keep evolving, some things remain out of reach, some things will remain eternal mysteries or receding mysteries, we will never find satisfying answers.

We have avoided here in this piece any difficult discussion as to:

·       whether time is 'real' or not
·      whether it is actually subjective rather than real
·      whether time and space are opposites
·     whether time, space, matter, field, radiation and energy are separate things or one thing,
·      how the big bang created time, was there time before the big bang?
·      and if there is no change or motion, can you say there is time at all – how do you prove that?.......……

·     etc. 

Emply to original identity

There is no original identity for a person because identity is formed in a long and complex process.

Although in times of crisis, one does need to return to such state.

Is this a contradiction?

No, not really.

We are born with certain personality traits. And very early we acquire more. We can say that this early, first persona, or paleo identity is the 'original identity'.

At times it will help to return to this early structure of you because you will find your identity evolution becoming very complicated and frankly 'foreign' to who you are. Secondary issues will compete with primary themes. Temporary escapes from your main behaviors revealing an adjacent identity may be quite rewarding but long term dwelling in this land will become difficult and confusing. Incorrect choices litter the road of normal identity development. And so on.

An emply to the fused and unclear original identity may be necessary. This is a subsume of a particular type. Going there may get you in touch with the fundamentals of you, it may anchor your adventures to here and there.

In social theory, an emply is used to return to a state of unity and harmony for the whole community. This state like all subsumes is somewhat vague, it suffers from indistinct thinking. But the value of the social emply is that we return to the world with a stronger sense of a whole, of connection between all Human beings.

In an emply to the original personality, the indistinct thinking is expressed as a lack of clarity on the many details of our identity and the long confusing personal path, but with a strong feeling as to our first nature and what feels to be a deviation from it and what feels to be in concord with it.

So when quite lost, return to your primary qualities. Then try again.

Multiple Points of View within a Philosophy

The basic ideas in this philosophy are all connected to each other. If you pursue one notion you will eventually end up entertaining another one. You will proceed in a kind of loop, eventually you will grasp that you have a set or cluster of ideas, all closely related.

For a quick recap, we can say there are at least 6 forms or axioms or dynamics in this philosophy:

·           Subsumes
·          Differentiation
·         Undifferentiation
·        Wholes
·        Genio or Creativity
·        Evolution and Time

[It should be understood that is not a fixed or dogmatic list, you can add to or subtract from this series if you like]

The author may call this a Subsume Philosophy or a Philosophy of Differentiation but he does not mean that a Subsume or Differentiation is only thing to consider, only that they are a starting point to understand a set of themes. So you can say this is a multiple-perception philosophy which mirrors the multiple forces of life, a subjective complex viewing an objective complex.

Here is a brief explanation of each Form:

·         Subsumes refer to states where a phenomenon seems fused, without parts or distinction. A subsume is either a state that precedes an elaboration into distinct elements, or is a state that appears after an evolutionary process where things collapse back into a sort of confused whole.

·         Differentiation is about appearance of difference, individuality, individuation, diversity. This could refer to cultures, ethnic groups, individuals, self identity, the evolution of sub-minds in the brain, the generation of a full list of Human needs, the development of a range of emotions, the training of an activist citizen, the formation of all of the parts of a healthy economic system etc.

·         Undifferentiation is the opposite of differentiation, this includes organization, communication, models, repetition, centralizing institutions etc.

·       Wholes arise when we put differentiation and undifferentiation together. The goal is to form something that is generally flexible, free and democratic. Wholes come in a range, some more free than others depending on specific situation.

·          Genio or creativity develops the techniques by which we handle subsumes, differentiation, undifferentiation and wholes. Genio is both personal and social. [while nature's creativity is similar to Human creativity, it is slower and without moral guidance…….]

·         Time and evolution issues include the nature of duration, the distinction between a moment and continuity, the contest of past and future, the individuality of timelines and their conflict, irreversibility of time etc.

This multiple structure for a philosophy is not done for the sake of complication and difficulty, it is done to accurately reflect the complexity of the world we live in. Ockham's razor states that the simplest explanation is usually the most correct, and we regularly find this to be correct, but in a world of growing social complexity and globalism, and when knowledge and science become more complex this must be modified. The complex is often true and so Ockham's razor evolves in a multifaceted and diverse age into a duality of the simple and the complex, the simplest complexity, a complex simplicity. We may choose the trouble-free path of the highly simple as it leads to self congratulations of genius but the fact is that the universe, the planet, Nature, Human beings and society are not that simple. Thus our ideas and plans will fail. On the other hand, too much stress on complexity leaves us confused and helpless, we have nothing to grab onto, no starting point.

Point of View
Within this system of ideas people are attracted to one or more concepts. They tend to favor a specific point of view (POV).

But in the course of life, problem solving and observing evolution we learn that the Forms are interconnected.

If we start with differentiation, we find ourselves dealing with the opposite issue because all the distinct elements are in chaos without coordination. Thus differentiation (diff)  leads to undifferentiation (undiff).

If we only consider themes of undifferentiation  we arrive  at a poverty of difference, not enough individuality, no parts to harmonize. A system has no life, no variety, no energy, no conflict when differentiation is ignored for it is the prime mover. Systems that stress undifferentiation are authoritarian, stiff, lifeless, fearful and boring. So if we start out being attracted to undifferentiation we may end up seeing the need for differentiation as we see the focus on organization and order fail.

When we consider differentiation  and undiff erentiation together we are led to whole, that is a dynamic whole of parts and a center working together. When our nurtured whole begins to breakdown we may have to consider issues in time and evolution as surprising new things appear that disrupt plans. Or we may have a longstanding battle in the whole between past and future, and we have not handled the transitions or stages very well. So focus on a whole may lead us to another of the Forms: Time.

The failure of our whole may also point us to the issue of creativity. For it is one thing to speak about the unity of diff and undiff, and quite another to make that happen. The key idea becomes creativity. It becomes a matter of will and action, and thus we must learn the mindsets and techniques of creativity and apply it to our personal or social problems. So a whole focus may lead to a Genio focus.

And if any of the Forms fail, we must ask if our techniques are correct. So all roads lead to creativity in the end.

If we start with creativity we may quite naturally want to explore differentiation for it seems closely related. But from there we might grasp that undifferentiation is needed to. We might at first think that this is not creative because this mode uses models, repetition, reproduction etc. But at some point we will grasp that creating these methods and institutions is a creative act too, because they will not arise otherwise. Thus we have a dual kind of creativity.

Creativity will understand wholes because at some point it must complete a whole project. And it is certainly using a whole body of perspective and skill.

And as for time, genio will study the rules of time and evolution to increase innovation and plan it ……

Within the creative mindset is the notion of a mental subsume, so genio can easily pass over to the Subsume form.

A person who dwells on differentiation may one day ask, what precedes differentiation? The individual has then moved over to the Subsume.

When our differentiation has become very negative and sectarian, we may grasp that a sense of whole and unity has been lost. Then we must return to Subsume state of fusion to counter the extreme state of warfare and distrust.

If we are oriented to wholes we may notice that we need a dynamic to kickstart the process of building a whole. The emply is necessary. In addition if there is too much distinct thinking then indistinct thinking must be sought, this also arises from an emply to a subsume.

Undiff may raise questions about the nature of time because it seems to not need time, it exists in a world of structure more than motion. A person fixed upon undiff may grasp at some point that energy, motion and drive must come from someplace, and yes it does, from diff. Diff thrives in time, undiff suppresses time.

From the point of view of time, one will want to know what are all of these entities that exist under the rule of time, under its conditions and surroundings. Then subsumes, differentiation, wholes and creativity appear. Speaking of time and evolution is not enough, one must find its particular expressions, and get past the apriori setting it creates. And then after journeying through other things, the individual may return to time and evolution with a much richer understanding of its nature.

The upshot is that one Form will lead you to another Form over time, and you will eventually see the necessity of all axioms. So one POV will give way to another. Then you will inevitably see that many POVs are necessary, all related, all part of a family, both independent and dependent. The result is a set of POVs, but this is a dynamic set that reflects life, that takes you on an expedition through reality, that teaches you some things.

This variety of perspectives and starting points allows many mindsets or personality types to embrace this philosophy. Multiple POV leads to multiple demographics. In addition such a philosophy allows for the shift in POV per life stage. In the long run we learn the sublime relation of the Parts to the Whole.

Subsumes of the future

Subsume thinking is quite interesting.

It explains the past, how things begin and then evolve. Subsumes also appear in the present all about us as new phenomena are born. Also subsumes arise in the future, these are subsumes that are personal and those that are very social and historical.

The subsumes of the future are most interesting because they lead in some cases to higher behavior.  They come in various types.

Negative differentiation can create an atmosphere of chaos, fear and war. The mental emply to the original subsume of Human beings allows us to return to state of cooperation, love and harmony. We can dispense with the sectarianism of an age which infects not only the perpetrators but also the victims and activist. This emply is engineered from various mental and social methods. When we come back from this mental subsume we are prepared to build a social whole free of the cynicism of the age. We are wiser and more patient.

We live in an age of where the prime value of money and profit dominates. At times we will have to return to another mindset where other values are considered, where a list of values is supported. This vague subsume of value goes by various names: Human values, community values, a whole of values.
The emply does not yield the specifics merely the general POV that seeks a great change. The specifics are up to you, a result of analysis and creativity.

You come from a subsume, you live in a subsume, you pass on to a subsume. At some point you will grasp the general connection of your soul to all others, and thus your individuality and your responsibilities.

When you understand finally the necessity of pursuing your personal interest as well as that of community, of society, odd things will happen. At first you will have a clear and sharp delineation in your mind of the two tracks of thinking and how they work together. Then at some point your thoughts will soften and melt, and in this liquid state you will do such things as acting in the interest others without hesitation, without thought of self, without even a plan. You will pass to the unconscious and action. And you will see no contradiction, no boundary or gap.

The above fusion can take place in regards to your relationship with Nature and animals. For example, at some point you will act to help an animal without thought of danger to yourself, without consideration of money involved or time required. You will simply do it. And this is a higher level, the unconscious in this case is the elevated behavior. You have passed to action. You have left behind deliberation, you have passed from distinct thinking to indistinct thinking where all is merged and unclear. And thus you are more likely to succeed.

An emply to a subsume shifts our psychology into a new mode of perception. We enter the realm of the indistinct where things are fused and confused. This is the nature of a subsume. The world outside of a subsume has a great deal of sharpness to it, within a subsume we have difficulty separating elements. This may at first seem to be a state to avoid, but through experience we may learn that this indistinct thinking has the advantages listed above.

Another kind of future subsume will arise from the interaction between the individual and society, and even more, the connection between the citizen and history. When people embark on the path of directness, that is, direct participation in social institutions, business and government, then something interesting will happen. Personal interests and collective interests will merge. The accumulation of personal directness will BE society and will BE history. Presently personal action and institutional action are two very different things. In the future they may be one and the same. This a great subsume to come.

Not only does subsume thinking lead to the ideas above, but it will also engender more creativity. This is because a mental subsume is a primary place that creativity works. In the fusion and confusion arise new ideas, random ideas, juxtapositions, experiments.

While we want sharp concepts and systematized frameworks, subsume thinking allows us to let go of ideas that have become fixed and stiff. It allows us to return to an original state of vague generality, to an original purpose and spirit of a philosophy free of complex rules and suffocating detail. An emply in philosophy allows us to restart and return to an 'essence', reinvigorating a system. Further it allows us take philosophy out of the category of philosophy and apply it to whatever application we require, and it allows us to proceed into personal mythology where we make no distinction between philosophy and life issues because life and philosophy should be one.

The subsumes of the future represent higher behavior, our progressive evolution, our goals. Subsumes are not just in our past and are not simply spontaneous events about us, they are ahead of us and beckon us to transcendent behavior.