Saturday, February 21, 2015

Multiple Points of View within a Philosophy



The basic ideas in this philosophy are all connected to each other. If you pursue one notion you will eventually end up entertaining another one. You will proceed in a kind of loop, eventually you will grasp that you have a set or cluster of ideas, all closely related.

For a quick recap, we can say there are at least 6 forms or axioms or dynamics in this philosophy:

·           Subsumes
·          Differentiation
·         Undifferentiation
·        Wholes
·        Genio or Creativity
·        Evolution and Time

[It should be understood that is not a fixed or dogmatic list, you can add to or subtract from this series if you like]

The author may call this a Subsume Philosophy or a Philosophy of Differentiation but he does not mean that a Subsume or Differentiation is only thing to consider, only that they are a starting point to understand a set of themes. So you can say this is a multiple-perception philosophy which mirrors the multiple forces of life, a subjective complex viewing an objective complex.


Here is a brief explanation of each Form:

·         Subsumes refer to states where a phenomenon seems fused, without parts or distinction. A subsume is either a state that precedes an elaboration into distinct elements, or is a state that appears after an evolutionary process where things collapse back into a sort of confused whole.

·         Differentiation is about appearance of difference, individuality, individuation, diversity. This could refer to cultures, ethnic groups, individuals, self identity, the evolution of sub-minds in the brain, the generation of a full list of Human needs, the development of a range of emotions, the training of an activist citizen, the formation of all of the parts of a healthy economic system etc.

·         Undifferentiation is the opposite of differentiation, this includes organization, communication, models, repetition, centralizing institutions etc.

·       Wholes arise when we put differentiation and undifferentiation together. The goal is to form something that is generally flexible, free and democratic. Wholes come in a range, some more free than others depending on specific situation.

·          Genio or creativity develops the techniques by which we handle subsumes, differentiation, undifferentiation and wholes. Genio is both personal and social. [while nature's creativity is similar to Human creativity, it is slower and without moral guidance…….]

·         Time and evolution issues include the nature of duration, the distinction between a moment and continuity, the contest of past and future, the individuality of timelines and their conflict, irreversibility of time etc.


This multiple structure for a philosophy is not done for the sake of complication and difficulty, it is done to accurately reflect the complexity of the world we live in. Ockham's razor states that the simplest explanation is usually the most correct, and we regularly find this to be correct, but in a world of growing social complexity and globalism, and when knowledge and science become more complex this must be modified. The complex is often true and so Ockham's razor evolves in a multifaceted and diverse age into a duality of the simple and the complex, the simplest complexity, a complex simplicity. We may choose the trouble-free path of the highly simple as it leads to self congratulations of genius but the fact is that the universe, the planet, Nature, Human beings and society are not that simple. Thus our ideas and plans will fail. On the other hand, too much stress on complexity leaves us confused and helpless, we have nothing to grab onto, no starting point.


Point of View
Within this system of ideas people are attracted to one or more concepts. They tend to favor a specific point of view (POV).

But in the course of life, problem solving and observing evolution we learn that the Forms are interconnected.

If we start with differentiation, we find ourselves dealing with the opposite issue because all the distinct elements are in chaos without coordination. Thus differentiation (diff)  leads to undifferentiation (undiff).

If we only consider themes of undifferentiation  we arrive  at a poverty of difference, not enough individuality, no parts to harmonize. A system has no life, no variety, no energy, no conflict when differentiation is ignored for it is the prime mover. Systems that stress undifferentiation are authoritarian, stiff, lifeless, fearful and boring. So if we start out being attracted to undifferentiation we may end up seeing the need for differentiation as we see the focus on organization and order fail.

When we consider differentiation  and undiff erentiation together we are led to whole, that is a dynamic whole of parts and a center working together. When our nurtured whole begins to breakdown we may have to consider issues in time and evolution as surprising new things appear that disrupt plans. Or we may have a longstanding battle in the whole between past and future, and we have not handled the transitions or stages very well. So focus on a whole may lead us to another of the Forms: Time.

The failure of our whole may also point us to the issue of creativity. For it is one thing to speak about the unity of diff and undiff, and quite another to make that happen. The key idea becomes creativity. It becomes a matter of will and action, and thus we must learn the mindsets and techniques of creativity and apply it to our personal or social problems. So a whole focus may lead to a Genio focus.

And if any of the Forms fail, we must ask if our techniques are correct. So all roads lead to creativity in the end.

If we start with creativity we may quite naturally want to explore differentiation for it seems closely related. But from there we might grasp that undifferentiation is needed to. We might at first think that this is not creative because this mode uses models, repetition, reproduction etc. But at some point we will grasp that creating these methods and institutions is a creative act too, because they will not arise otherwise. Thus we have a dual kind of creativity.

Creativity will understand wholes because at some point it must complete a whole project. And it is certainly using a whole body of perspective and skill.

And as for time, genio will study the rules of time and evolution to increase innovation and plan it ……

Within the creative mindset is the notion of a mental subsume, so genio can easily pass over to the Subsume form.

A person who dwells on differentiation may one day ask, what precedes differentiation? The individual has then moved over to the Subsume.

When our differentiation has become very negative and sectarian, we may grasp that a sense of whole and unity has been lost. Then we must return to Subsume state of fusion to counter the extreme state of warfare and distrust.

If we are oriented to wholes we may notice that we need a dynamic to kickstart the process of building a whole. The emply is necessary. In addition if there is too much distinct thinking then indistinct thinking must be sought, this also arises from an emply to a subsume.

Undiff may raise questions about the nature of time because it seems to not need time, it exists in a world of structure more than motion. A person fixed upon undiff may grasp at some point that energy, motion and drive must come from someplace, and yes it does, from diff. Diff thrives in time, undiff suppresses time.

From the point of view of time, one will want to know what are all of these entities that exist under the rule of time, under its conditions and surroundings. Then subsumes, differentiation, wholes and creativity appear. Speaking of time and evolution is not enough, one must find its particular expressions, and get past the apriori setting it creates. And then after journeying through other things, the individual may return to time and evolution with a much richer understanding of its nature.


The upshot is that one Form will lead you to another Form over time, and you will eventually see the necessity of all axioms. So one POV will give way to another. Then you will inevitably see that many POVs are necessary, all related, all part of a family, both independent and dependent. The result is a set of POVs, but this is a dynamic set that reflects life, that takes you on an expedition through reality, that teaches you some things.


This variety of perspectives and starting points allows many mindsets or personality types to embrace this philosophy. Multiple POV leads to multiple demographics. In addition such a philosophy allows for the shift in POV per life stage. In the long run we learn the sublime relation of the Parts to the Whole.

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